K-12 Education System In India

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PRIMARY - Class 1 to 5 SECONDARY - Class 6 to 10 SENIOR SECONDARY - Class 11 to 12

Public/government schools: Most schools in India are funded and run by the government. However, the public education system faces serious challenges including a lack of adequate infrastructure, insufficient funding, a shortage of staff and scarce facilities.

Private schools: Since many government schools do not provide adequate education, Indian parents aspire to send their children to a private school. Some expats choose to send their children to private Indian schools. International schools: There are international schools in all major cities. They are attended by expat and Indian children. National open schools: Provide education up to the higher secondary level for children whose schooling has been interrupted and have been unable to complete formal education.


National Boards:

CBSE: Central Board of Secondary Education(CBSE) Established in 1962 under the purview of MHRD, CBSE gives affiliations to both public and private schools.

CISCE: Council of Indian School Certificate Examinations It is a private, non-governmental education board in India. It conducts the ICSE (for class X) and ISC (for class XII) examinations in India.

State Government Boards: These educational boards are regulated and supervised by the state apex organisation for secondary and senior secondary education.

NIOS: National Institute of Open Schooling: It is the board of education for distance education, under the Union Government of India. It was established by the Ministry of Human Resource Development of the Government of India in 1989 (known as National Open School then) to provide education inexpensively to remote areas.

International Boards:

IBO: International Baccalaureate Organisation IBO was founded in 1968 as an international, non-governmental, non-profit educational organization based in Geneva,Switzerland. IB World Schools in India offer three IB programs—primary years program (PYP), middle years program (MYP) and IB Diploma program (IBDP). There are 109 IB World Schools in India offering one or more of the three IB programmes. 50 schools offer the PYP, 11 schools offer the MYP and 96 schools offer the IBDP. IB is recognised by the ‘Association of Indian Universities’ as an entry qualification (equivalent to +2 qualification of an Indian Board) to all the universities.

CIE: International Baccalaureate Organisation Cambridge International Examinations (CIE)20:Cambridge International Examinations (formerly known as University of Cambridge International Examinations, are a provider of international qualifications offering examinations and qualifications in more than 160 countries. They are an examination board under Cambridge Assessment, founded in 1858 as a department of the University of Cambridge. There are now over 310 Cambridge schools in India making over 44,000 examination entries for Cambridge IGCSE and Cambridge International AS and A Level, a rise of 15 per cent since 2012.