top of page

K-12 Education System In India


PRIMARY - Class 1 to 5 SECONDARY - Class 6 to 10 SENIOR SECONDARY - Class 11 to 12

Public/government schools: Most schools in India are funded and run by the government. However, the public education system faces serious challenges including a lack of adequate infrastructure, insufficient funding, a shortage of staff and scarce facilities.

Private schools: Since many government schools do not provide adequate education, Indian parents aspire to send their children to a private school. Some expats choose to send their children to private Indian schools. International schools: There are international schools in all major cities. They are attended by expat and Indian children. National open schools: Provide education up to the higher secondary level for children whose schooling has been interrupted and have been unable to complete formal education.


National Boards:

CBSE: Central Board of Secondary Education(CBSE) Established in 1962 under the purview of MHRD, CBSE gives affiliations to both public and private schools.

CISCE: Council of Indian School Certificate Examinations It is a private, non-governmental education board in India. It conducts the ICSE (for class X) and ISC (for class XII) examinations in India.

State Government Boards: These educational boards are regulated and supervised by the state apex organisation for secondary and senior secondary education.

NIOS: National Institute of Open Schooling: It is the board of education for distance education, under the Union Government of India. It was established by the Ministry of Human Resource Development of the Government of India in 1989 (known as National Open School then) to provide education inexpensively to remote areas.

International Boards:

IBO: International Baccalaureate Organisation IBO was founded in 1968 as an international, non-governmental, non-profit educational organization based in Geneva,Switzerland. IB World Schools in India offer three IB programs—primary years program (PYP), middle years program (MYP) and IB Diploma program (IBDP). There are 109 IB World Schools in India offering one or more of the three IB programmes. 50 schools offer the PYP, 11 schools offer the MYP and 96 schools offer the IBDP. IB is recognised by the ‘Association of Indian Universities’ as an entry qualification (equivalent to +2 qualification of an Indian Board) to all the universities.

CIE: International Baccalaureate Organisation Cambridge International Examinations (CIE)20:Cambridge International Examinations (formerly known as University of Cambridge International Examinations, are a provider of international qualifications offering examinations and qualifications in more than 160 countries. They are an examination board under Cambridge Assessment, founded in 1858 as a department of the University of Cambridge. There are now over 310 Cambridge schools in India making over 44,000 examination entries for Cambridge IGCSE and Cambridge International AS and A Level, a rise of 15 per cent since 2012.


Graduation Vs Masters

In India undergraduate program is referred to as bachelor's or 'graduation'. Graduate programs are referred to as masters or post graduation in India.

Placement Rate In India students & parents will frequently ask about 'placement'. Placement refers to the success rate of the students after they graduate from your institution.

Pass Out In India pass out means graduating.

Crore & Lacs Indian Amount International 1 Lakh 100,000 100 Thousands 10 Lakhs 1,000,000 1 Million 1 Crore 10,000,000 10 Million

Percentage Vs GPA In India most board exams award a score which is averaged out to a percentage. Students might frequently inquire what percentage is needed to meet the requirements of your institution.

Cut Off Cut off is a term referred to the minimum score required to be considered by your institution and not deadline.


The supply demand gap India has a low rate of enrollment in higher education, at only 18%, compared with 26% in China and 36% in Brazil. There is enormous unmet demand for higher education.

Intense competition Indian students either need to clear highly competitive exams or get nearly perfect scores in their board exams to get into decent Indian colleges or universities. The low quality of teaching The system is beset by issues of quality in many of its institutions: a chronic shortage of faculty, poor quality teaching, outdated & rigid curricula and pedagogy, lack of accountability and quality assurance and separation of research and teaching. Rigid system Students are stuck with the options they chose in their high-schools or freshmen year with little scope to switch to a new program.


Web Page for Indian Students This easy to implement strategy can help you house information specific to Indian students & parents.

Strong Outreach In March & April Indian academic year ends in Feb/March. This is the time most students are actively looking for higher education options.

Leverage Schools Follow up with like minded schools and leverage them as your branding partners in India. Our tour will provide you ample of opportunities to interact with school principals & counselors.

Reach out to Consulates It is important to let the consulates in India know that you were visiting India to make efforts to enroll students. This way, they know when a student appears for an interview is a genuine one.

Custom Communication Plan India is a unique and diverse country. We strongly recommend in developing a custom communication plan for India. (SimplEd can help with this)

Remove barriers for Indian Students Make application process as simple and easy as possible.

815 views0 comments


bottom of page