Regulatory Body in India
Ministry of Human Resource Development is the apex body of School Education & Higher Education in India. It has been renamed as the Ministry of Education.
Latest development in the education sector in India
The National Education Policy 2020 was announced by the Ministry of Education. It replaces the 34 year old National Policy on Education of 1986. The ministry has released a framework policy document for now, a copy of which is attached in the end.
Major changes brought about in School Education
● Existing 10+2 Curricular and Pedagogical Structure changed to 5+3+3+4.
Foundational (3 years of preschool + Grades 1-2), Preparatory (Grades 3- 5), Middle (Grades 6-8), and High school (Grades 9-12 in two phases, i.e. 9 and 10 in the first and 11 and 12 in the second) stages respectively, with an option of exiting at Class 10 and re-entering in the next phase.
No Rigid Separation between Arts & Sciences, between Curricular and extra-curricular activities, between Vocational and Academic streams
Vocational Education to start from Class 6 with Internships
Board Examination will be Low Stakes, Based on Knowledge Application
360 degree Holistic Progress Card of Child
Every Child will come out of School adept in at least one Skill
National Testing Agency (NTA) to offer Common Entrance Exam for Admission to higher education institutions within India
Major changes brought about in Higher Education
Higher Education curriculum to have Flexibility of Subjects
Holistic and Multidisciplinary Education -Flexibility of Subjects
Multiple Entry / Exit