Higher Education System In India

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Total number of Universities - 778 Number of Central Universities - 45 Number of State Universities - 329 Number of Private Universities - 282 Deemed to be Universities - 122 Institutions of National Importance - 91 Number of Colleges - 39,071


Bachelors/Undergraduate: 3-4 years Masters/Postgraduate: 2 years Doctoral: 2 to 5 years (varies)


Central University: A university established or incorporated by a Central Government Act.

State University: A university established or incorporated by a State Legislature Act.

Private Universities: A university established through a State/Central Act by a sponsoring body viz. A Society registered under the Societies Registration Act 1860, or any other corresponding law for the time being in force in a State or a Public Trust or a Company registered under Section 25 of the Companies Act, 1956.

Deemed to be University: An Institution of Higher Education, other than universities, working at a very high standard in specific area of study, can be declared by the Central Government on the advice of the UGC as an Institution ‘Deemed-to-be-university’. Institutions that are ‘deemed-to-be-university’ enjoy academic status and privileges of a university.

Institution of National Importance: An Institution established by Act of Parliament and declared as Institution of National Importance.


Higher Education Enrollment (All India Survey on Higher Education Report 2015-16):

Total enrollment in HE: 34.6 million Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) in HE in India: 24.5% (calculated for 18-23 years of age group) Subject wise Enrollment Ratio at Undergrad level: